How to Become a Lawyer in Italy?

lawyer italy

Last Updated on January 22, 2024 by Ranking

If you’re considering a career in law and want to become a lawyer in Italy, there are several steps you need to follow. From the required education to the practical training and exams, this comprehensive guide will walk you through the process of becoming a lawyer in Italy. Whether you aspire to be a civil lawyer, criminal lawyer, or specialize in a specific area of law, this guide will provide you with the necessary information to kickstart your legal career.

What Does a Lawyer Do?

Before diving into the specifics of how to become a lawyer in Italy, let’s first explore the role and responsibilities of a lawyer. An attorney is a legal professional who provides assistance, legal advice, and legal representation to clients. They possess extensive knowledge of the law and are able to advocate for their clients’ rights and interests in various legal matters.

Lawyers have the expertise to handle a wide range of legal issues, including civil disputes, criminal cases, corporate law, labor law, family law, and more. They may work with individuals, businesses, organizations, or government entities, depending on their area of specialization.

The Path to Becoming a Lawyer in Italy

To become a lawyer in Italy, you must follow a specific path that includes obtaining the necessary education, completing practical training, and passing the bar exam. Here are the key steps to becoming a lawyer in Italy:

Step 1: University Education

The first step in becoming a lawyer in Italy is to obtain a Master’s degree in Law, also known as a Laurea Magistrale in Giurisprudenza. This is a five-year program that provides a solid foundation in legal studies. While there is no specific high school requirement to pursue a law degree, it is recommended to have a strong background in humanities and social sciences.

Step 2: Practical Training

After completing your university education, you are required to complete a practical training period, known as the “praticantato forense.” This practical training is essential to gain hands-on experience and apply the knowledge acquired during your studies. It involves working under the supervision of an experienced lawyer for a period of 18 months.

During the practical training, you will be required to attend a minimum of 60 court hearings and engage in various legal activities, such as drafting legal documents, conducting legal research, and assisting in client representation. This period is crucial for developing practical skills and gaining a deeper understanding of the legal profession.

Step 3: Bar Exam

Once you have completed the practical training, you must pass the bar exam, known as the “esame di abilitazione alla professione forense.” The bar exam consists of both written and oral components and is designed to evaluate your knowledge of the law and your ability to apply it in practical scenarios.

The written part of the exam includes three written tests, covering civil law, criminal law, and a choice between administrative law or constitutional law. The oral part of the exam involves a discussion with an examination board on various legal topics, including professional ethics and legal practice.

Step 4: Registration with the Bar Association

After successfully passing the bar exam, you will need to register with the local Bar Association, known as the “Ordine degli Avvocati,” in the jurisdiction where you intend to practice law. Registration with the Bar Association is mandatory and grants you the official status of a licensed lawyer.

Step 5: Continuing Education and Professional Development

As a lawyer, it is essential to stay updated with the latest legal developments and continuously improve your skills. Continuing education and professional development programs are available to lawyers in Italy to enhance their knowledge and expertise in specific areas of law.

Specializations in Law

Law is a vast field with various specializations. While the general path to becoming a lawyer is the same, you can choose to specialize in a specific area of law. Here are some common specializations in law:

  1. Civil Law: Lawyers specializing in civil law handle legal disputes between individuals, such as contract disputes, property disputes, and personal injury cases.
  2. Criminal Law: Criminal lawyers defend individuals accused of committing crimes and represent them in court proceedings.
  3. Corporate Law: Corporate lawyers specialize in advising businesses on legal matters, including contract negotiations, mergers and acquisitions, and compliance with corporate regulations.
  4. Labor Law: Labor lawyers focus on employment-related legal issues, such as labor contracts, workplace disputes, and employee rights.
  5. Family Law: Family lawyers handle legal matters related to family relationships, such as divorce, child custody, adoption, and spousal support.
  6. Intellectual Property Law: Lawyers specializing in intellectual property law protect and enforce intellectual property rights, including patents, trademarks, and copyrights.

These are just a few examples of the many specializations available within the legal profession. Choosing a specialization allows you to develop expertise in a specific area and cater to the needs of clients in that field.

Career Opportunities for Lawyers

As a lawyer, you can pursue various career opportunities depending on your interests and expertise. Here are some common career paths for lawyers in Italy:

  1. Private Practice: Many lawyers choose to establish their own law firms or join existing ones to provide legal services to clients. Private practice offers independence and the opportunity to build your own client base.
  2. In-House Counsel: Some lawyers work as in-house counsel for corporations, organizations, or government entities. In this role, they provide legal advice and handle legal matters internally, representing the interests of the organization.
  3. Government Agencies: Lawyers can work for government agencies at the local, regional, or national level. They may be involved in drafting legislation, providing legal advice to government officials, or representing the government in legal proceedings.
  4. Judiciary: With sufficient experience and expertise, lawyers can pursue a career as judges or magistrates. This path involves presiding over court proceedings, interpreting laws, and delivering judgments.
  5. Academic Career: Lawyers with a passion for teaching and research can pursue an academic career by joining law schools or universities as professors. This allows them to impart legal knowledge to future generations and contribute to legal scholarship.

These are just a few examples of the career paths available to lawyers. The legal profession offers a wide range of opportunities, allowing you to choose a path that aligns with your interests and goals.

Earning Potential for Lawyers

The earning potential for lawyers in Italy can vary depending on factors such as experience, specialization, location, and type of practice. In the early stages of a legal career, the average annual income for lawyers is around €13,000. However, with experience and a successful practice, the annual income can increase significantly, reaching an average of €40,000 or more.

It’s important to note that these figures are approximate and can vary based on individual circumstances. Lawyers in private practice have the potential to earn higher incomes compared to those working in government or corporate settings. Additionally, lawyers specializing in high-demand areas, such as corporate law or intellectual property law, may command higher fees for their services.

Opening a Law Firm and Registering for VAT

If you decide to pursue a career in private practice and open your own law firm, you will need to register for VAT (Value Added Tax) as a self-employed professional. This process involves obtaining a Partita IVA (Italian VAT number) and complying with tax regulations.

Registering for VAT allows you to issue invoices, claim tax deductions, and comply with the legal requirements for operating a law firm. It is essential to consult with a tax professional or accountant to ensure proper compliance with tax obligations and to understand the specific requirements for VAT registration.


Becoming a lawyer in Italy requires dedication, perseverance, and a commitment to ongoing professional development. The path to becoming a lawyer involves obtaining a law degree, completing practical training, passing the bar exam, and registering with the local Bar Association. Choosing a specialization and pursuing opportunities in private practice, government, or academia opens doors to a fulfilling and rewarding legal career.

While the journey to becoming a lawyer may be challenging, it offers the opportunity to make a significant impact on society, advocate for justice, and provide essential legal services to clients. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can embark on a successful career in law and contribute to the legal profession in Italy.



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